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The Effects of Solitary Confinement

The effects of solitary confinement (i.e. isolation, segregation, supermax) on human beings has been debated and studied for years. Appelbaum pointed out that even though the consequences of solitary confinement are well-known the United States has increased the number of inmates placed in solitary confinement dramatically (Appelbaum 2015, n.p.). The consequences inmates placed in solitary confinement face, based on the research of many professionals in the field of psychology as well as neuroscience are the following: psychological effects, social and emotional effects, self-harm, suicide, mental illness and many other. In fact, the National Academy of Sciences in 2014 found that long term isolation or...

Theories of Ensuring Safety in Supermax Housing

Research has shown that there has never been an intended goal set for the use of supermax housing and solitary confinement, although researchers do agree that most prison officials and policy makers “justify supermaxes on the grounds that they serve to ‘control’ the ‘worst of the worst’” (Mears 2013, p. 7). As Appelbaum states in his research, “the arguments in support of solitary confinement fall into three main categories: it ensures the safety of the inmate and others, it can effect behavioral change, and it is a punishment for infractions” (Applebaum 2015, para. 5). Although many people believe that the inmates placed in solitary...

Marsy’s Law and Victim Rights

To many, it may seem that the accused have more rights than victims. After all, defendants are guaranteed a plethora of rights that are outlined in the U.S. Constitution; from initial contact with law enforcement to sentencing and appeal. Victims, on the other hand, have rights under various passed acts and State Constitutions. What role does the victim play and what rights do victims have? The role of a victim in the criminal justice process is completely voluntary and the extent of victim involvement will vary in terms of case circumstances, respective jurisdictional customs and practices, and social views and media influence that is exerted onto...

Two-Year-Old Denied Kidney Transplant

Anthony Dickerson, 26, the father of two-year-old Anthony Burgess, a.k.a. A.J. was arrested after violating his parole for being in possession of a firearm. Dickerson, who has been in and out of jail over the past six years possesses a lengthy criminal record for committing misdemeanors and felonies. A.J. was born a month premature at Scottish Rite Hospital without his kidneys. He spent the first 10 months of his life in the neonatal intensive care unit and has since spent bouts of time in and out of the hospital due to his inability to sustain a healthy weight. It can be very tedious waiting for a...