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African Countries Combat Fake Drug Problem

The fake drug market is prospering in Africa. The rise in fake medical dealers is not a drug issue, but a financial one. As Africa’s economy suffers, the population desperately seeks ways to support their families. Fake or counterfeit drugs are affecting the world, but African countries are being affected more than others. The pharmaceutical market has become saturated in Africa with fake or counterfeit drugs due to open borders, unstable governments, inaccessibility to drugs and healthcare facilities and the internet (Oneko, 2018). Moreover, antimicrobial resistant and drug-resistant infections are some of the deleterious effects of fake drugs. Fake drugs are falsified medical products that harm...

Theories of Crime Causation

Trait Theory Trait Theory is a “view that criminality is a product of abnormal biological or psychological traits” (Siegel. Pg. 127). Every individual has their own biological makeup and unique psychology. This theory states that people commit crimes because of certain personality traits, or a person’s character. Sociobiology supports this theory because it explains that behavioral traits are shaped by both inherited traits and the environment, biology and genetics affect how social behaviors are learned and perceived, behavior is determined by the need to ensure survival of offspring and replenishment of the gene pool. The biology, environment and ability to learn are mutually interdependent factors....

Criminological Theory

What factors contribute to a person becoming a criminal? Biological Theories Are babies born killers? The “Twin Studies” supported this theory, showing how a heritable trait may increase the risk for criminal behavior. In this study, the identical twins (MZ) and the fraternal twins (DZ) were tested to see how genetic and environmental influences impact one’s behavior. Before we can discuss the Twin Studies though, let's consider the biological theory as a whole. “Biological factors are more inclusive, consisting of physiological, biochemical, neurological, and genetic factors” (Encyclopedia, 2017). In a sense, this is entirely different than genetics, but it is similar in that the traits are...

Marsy’s Law and Victim Rights

To many, it may seem that the accused have more rights than victims. After all, defendants are guaranteed a plethora of rights that are outlined in the U.S. Constitution; from initial contact with law enforcement to sentencing and appeal. Victims, on the other hand, have rights under various passed acts and State Constitutions. What role does the victim play and what rights do victims have? The role of a victim in the criminal justice process is completely voluntary and the extent of victim involvement will vary in terms of case circumstances, respective jurisdictional customs and practices, and social views and media influence that is exerted onto...

Two-Year-Old Denied Kidney Transplant

Anthony Dickerson, 26, the father of two-year-old Anthony Burgess, a.k.a. A.J. was arrested after violating his parole for being in possession of a firearm. Dickerson, who has been in and out of jail over the past six years possesses a lengthy criminal record for committing misdemeanors and felonies. A.J. was born a month premature at Scottish Rite Hospital without his kidneys. He spent the first 10 months of his life in the neonatal intensive care unit and has since spent bouts of time in and out of the hospital due to his inability to sustain a healthy weight. It can be very tedious waiting for a...

Federal Rules of Evidence: Additions to Rule 902 Will Shift Gears...

Modern technology has allowed our generation to thrive in a digital world. Countless people, businesses, trade markets and various influential institutions are driven by technology while using its global presence to compete and succeed. Social media has also become a platform for news reporting, advertising and simply staying connected with the world. However, cybercrime remains a silent threat to all, but prosecuting it proves challenging despite attempts at collaboration among all law agencies, because of legal restrictions on forensic evidence handling, authenticity and admissibility (Carter, 2007; Feulner, 2017; Liston, 2016; Rosichan, 2017). Not too long ago, the struggle to morph digital evidence into real evidence...

Las Vegas Massacre. A Premeditated Crime.

Authorities have been investigating the Las Vegas shooting committed by Stephen Paddock, 64, of Mesquite, Nevada, who checked into room 135 on the 32nd floor of the Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino. Mr. Paddock loaded up 10 suitcases of over 23 guns into the two-room suite. On Sunday October 1, 2017, Mr. Paddock smashed out the windows of his room, took aim and opened fire on a crowd of approximately 22,000 people who attended the Route 91 Harvest Festival concert. 59 people including the gunman were reported dead and 489 people were reported injured. After many speculations of the motives behind the shooting officials have...

Satanic, Occult, Ritualistic Crime: A Law Enforcement Perspective

Children introduced to sexual violence during their developmental years have been found to explain their trauma through monsters and stereotypical villains in order to articulate situations they don't understand. Child sexual abuse can be more difficult to identify than most people believe. The level of proof needed for conviction is higher because the consequences are greater. The societal default for sexual abuse in children is denial.  Most people don’t want to hear about a child being sexually abused and would therefore rather pretend it never happens. This causes a counter-reaction from others who try to fight the willful ignorance of deniers: exaggeration.  Those hoping to bring sexual...

Thirteen-Year-Old Held Ransom Over Drugs

A recent AMBER alert in Lancaster, Texas ended with the discovery of two dead teens. One of the teens was Shavon Randle, a 13-year-old who had been kidnapped and held hostage due to her involvement with drugs, robberies and money deals. “According to the FBI, Randle and an adult male, identified as 19-year-old Michael Titus, were both discovered deceased inside the home in the 2200 block of Kiest Avenue. Titus was one of the four original persons of interest in Randle's disappearance on Wednesday. On Monday, the Dallas Medical Examiner ruled Titus' death a homicide by a gunshot wound to the head” (Eiserer, Goins, 2017,...

Pharmaceutical Company Sold Improper Drugs

An Indiana pharmaceutical company sold the wrong prescription medication to hospitals who then distributed the drugs to infants. The company and the families affected by the mistake are currently going through a lawsuit. Executives at Pharmakon, a pharmaceutical company in Indianapolis, Ind., did not recall a painkiller after knowing it was much stronger than its label suggested. This decision led three newborns to fall ill. "This case is about the defendant's' disregard for the wellbeing of patients including the most vulnerable among us, newborn infants in a neonatal unit" (Star, 2017, n.p.), said U.S. Attorney, Josh Minkler during a news conference. Minkler also added that...