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Personal, Physical, Emotional, and Spiritual Well-being

In any job it is important for the employee to take care of themselves so that they can remain physically and mentally able not only in their job but also in their personal life. This is even more true in high-stress professions or in professions that take place within a difficult work setting such as hospitals, courts or prisons. Stress is a dangerous factor that can greatly affect a person’s life. The French physiologist, Claude Bernard, wrote that if a life is to be maintained we must keep our “internal milieu constant in the face of a changing environment" (Schneiderman, 2008). This definition can...

Ethics for the Chaplaincy in Prison Environments

Ethical theories such as Utilitarianism, Kantian Duty-Based Ethics, Virtue Ethics and Deontology can be implemented into prison systems by chaplains. Each theory contains principles that can be applied to the lives of inmates, fellow staff members and even the chaplains themselves. Utilitarianism is an ethical principle that states that it is best to look at the big picture or what is best for the greatest number of people (Holmes, 1994). Under this principle, in an ideal world, every action would maximize the advantages for the largest number of people. An aspect of this theory that is commonly neglected is that it is based on empirical...