Home Mental Health Correctional Counseling – The MMPI or the MACI?

Correctional Counseling – The MMPI or the MACI?


Correctional counseling in this case is important, but not a simple thing to do. Rating each of the assessment can be helpful in order to deal with this case. Roberts (2008) explains the different assessment instruments with their strengths and limitations. The DISC assessment instruments strength’s are that their “results in diagnosis allow for more thorough planning, no professional training is required in administration and computer administration may ease disclosure of suicidal ideation.” Their limitations are that “computer skills are necessary and it does not address other social or environmental domains as well as potential social desirability”. The MMPI-A assessment instruments strengths include that “it’s widely used and useful in assessing change over time as well as the ease of administration”, while their limitations include that “it requires trained professional to administer as well as the ability to predict violent recidivism that has not been evaluated.” The MACI assessment instruments strengths include that “a minimum training for administrators, built-in measure of validity and reliability and it’s consistent with DSM-IV”, while their limitations include “it relies on client retrospective reports rather than file data and more research is needed to assess predictive ability in juvenile justice setting.” After comparing the different assessment instruments, I believe the one that is the most beneficial one to me in this case is the MMPI-A or the MACI, while I believe the DISC isn’t beneficial, because it does not address other social or environmental domains as well as potential social desirability.

I still believe both, the MMPI-A and the MACI are good assessment tools and don’t differ too much from each other. If I had to make a final decision I’d go with the MACI assessment tool, even though the MMPI-A is widely used and useful in assessing change over time. “MMPI-A: The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory—Adolescent (MMPI) was developed by Archer (1997) and adapted for adolescents by Butcher et al. (1992), and is the most widely used personality assessment (Archer & Baker, 2005). The MMPI consists of 478 items with validity scales (e.g., defensiveness, tendency to exaggerate, response consistency), clinical scales (e.g., psychopathology such as depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, antisocial behaviors), content scales (e.g., externalizing behaviors, anger, low self-esteem), and supple- mentary scales (immaturity, repression).” (Roberts, 2008) The MACI is the better choice in this case, because it also focuses on substance abuse. “MACI: The Millon Adolescent Clinical Inventory (MACI) developed by Millon (1993) is a short assessment that provides clinical information on a variety of psychological prob- lems, including psychopathology, peer difficulties, family problems, and confusion about self (Salekin, Leistico, Schrum, & Mullins, 2005).” (Roberts, 2008) The MACI focuses on “7 clinical syndrome scales (eating dysfunction, substance abuse, delinquent pre- disposition, impulsive propensity, anxious feelings, depressive affect, suicidal tendency)” (Roberts, 2008) and might therefore even be a better option than the MMPI-A. So therefore, to answer the question I believe that the MACI assessment tool is the most beneficial one for me to use in this case.

Roberts, A. R. (2008). Correctional counseling & treatment: Evidence-based perspectives. Upper Saddle River, N.J: Pearson Prentice Hall.

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Mike is the Executive Director of TAPSTI and also serves as Training Director for the Institute. Mike is ABD on a PhD in Public Safety and has completed a Master's in Criminal Justice, a Master's in Adult Education, and a Master's in Public Safety. His Bachelor's is in Social & Behavioral Sciences. Mike is a POST-certified instructor and has attained dozens of other certifications through his thirty-year career.